STAMP Wellness Model

Practical Positive Psychiatry for CliniciansThe STAMP Wellness Model, Evidence and Implementation   


Emotional Safety     

Spinazzola et al. (2014). Unseen wounds: The contribution of psychological maltreatment to child and adolescent mental health and risk outcomes. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 6(1), 18–28.

Raque-Bogdan et al. (2011). Attachment and mental and physical health: Self-compassion and mattering as mediators. J Couns Psychol, 58(2), 272–278.

Iram Rizvi & Najam. (2014). Parental psychological abuse toward children and mental health problems in adolescence. Pak J Med Sci, 30(2), 256–260.

McLaughlin et al. (2016). Childhood exposure to violence and chronic physical conditions in a national sample of US adolescents. Psychosom Med, 78(9), 1072-1083.

Scott et al. (2013). Associations between lifetime traumatic events and subsequent chronic physical conditions: A cross-national, cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE, 8(11), e80573.


Physical Safety     

Springer et al. (2007). Long-term physical and mental health consequences of childhood physical abuse: Results from a large population-based sample of men and women. Child Abuse Negl, 31(5), 517–530.

Teicher et al. (2012). Childhood maltreatment is associated with reduced volume in the hippocampal subfields CA3, dentate gyrus, and subiculum. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(9), 563-572

Sugaya et al. (2012). Child physical abuse and adult mental health: A national study. J Trauma Stress, 25(4), 384–392.

Irish et al. (2010). Long-term physical health consequences of childhood sexual abuse: A meta-analytic review. J Pediatr Psychol, 35(5), 450–461.

Talbot et al. (2009). Childhood sexual abuse is associated with physical illness burden and functioning in psychiatric patients 50 years of age and older. Psychosom Med, 71(4), 417–422.

Huang et al. (2015). Mediating effects on health-related quality of life in adults with osteoporosis: a structural equation modeling. Osteoporos Int, 26(3), 875-83.

Abbass & Schubiner. (forthcoming). Hidden from view: A clinician’s guide to psychophysiologic disorders


Financial Safety     

Najman et al. (2010). Family poverty over the early life course and recurrent adolescent and young adult anxiety and depression: A longitudinal study. Am J Public Health, 100(9), 1719–1723.

Paul & Moser. (2009). Unemployment impairs mental health: Meta-analyses. J Vocat Behav, 74(3), 264-282.

McKee-Ryan et al. (2005). Psychological and physical well-being during unemployment: A meta-analytic study. J Appl Psychol, 90(1), 53-76.

Smith et al. (2005). Health, wealth, and happiness: Financial resources buffer subjective well-being after the onset of a disability. Psychol Sci, 16(9), 663-666.

Selenko et al. (2011). Beyond debt. A moderator analysis of the relationship between perceived
financial strain and mental health. Soc Sci Med, 73(12), 1725-32.



Holt-Lunstad et al. (2010). Social relationships and mortality risk: A meta-analytic review. PLoS Med, 7(7), e1000316.

Kawachi, et al. (1996). A prospective study of social networks in relation to total mortality and cardiovascular disease in men in the USA. J Epidemiol Community Health, 50(3), 245–251.

Giles et al. (2005). Effect of social networks on 10-year survival in very old Australians: The Australian longitudinal study of aging.  J Epidemiol Community Healt, 59(7), 574-9.

Fratiglioni et al. (2000). Influence of social network on occurrence of dementia: a community-based longitudinal study. Lancet, 355(9212), 1315-9.

Grobecker. (2016). A sense of belonging and perceived stress among baccalaureate nursing students in clinical placements. Nurse Educ Today, 36, 178-83.

Holt-Lunstad et al. (2007). On the importance of relationship quality: The impact of ambivalence in friendships on cardiovascular functioning. Ann Behav Med, 33(3), 278-90.

Peters. (2011). Peer rejection and HPA activity in middle childhood: Friendship makes a difference. Child Dev, 82(6), 1906–20.

Waldrip. (2008). With a little help from your friends: The importance of high-quality friendships on early adolescent adjustment. Soc Dev, 17(4), 832–852.

Lamp. (2013). Personal and contextual resilience factors and their relations to psychological adjustment outcomes across the lifespan: A meta – analysis. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from

Helfinstein et al. (2015). If all your friends jumped off a bridge: The effect of others’ actions on engagement in and recommendation of risky behaviors. J. Exp. Psychol Gen, 144(1), 12–17.



Hill & Turiano. (2014). Purpose in life as a predictor of mortality across adulthood. Psychol Sci, 25(7), 1482–86.

Kim et al. (2013). Purpose in life and reduced risk of myocardial infarction among older U.S. adults with coronary heart disease: a two-year follow-up. J Beh Med, 36(2), 124–133.

Kim et al. (2014). Purpose in life and use of preventive health care services. PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(46), 16331–36

Boyle et al. (2010). Effect of a purpose in life on risk of incident Alzheimer disease and mild cognitive impairment in community-dwelling older persons. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 67(3), 304–310.

Windsor et al. (2015). Sense of purpose as a psychological resource for aging well. Dev. Psychol, 51(7), 975–986.

Sheeran et al. (2016). The impact of changing attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy on health-related intentions and behavior: A meta-analysis. Health Psychol, 35(11), 1178-88.

Sachs-Ericsson & Medley. (2011). Childhood abuse and current health problems among older adults: The mediating role of self-efficacy. Psychol Violence, 1(2), 106-120.

Boyle et al. (2010). Purpose in life is associated with a reduced risk of incident disability among community-dwelling older persons. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry, 18(12),1093–1102.

Schmitt et al. (2014). Self-efficacy as a predictor of self-reported physical, cognitive and social functioning in Multiple Sclerosis. Rehabil Psychol, 59(1), 27–34.



Roepke et al. (2014). Meaning and health: A systematic review. App Res Qual Life, 9(4), 1055–1079.

Bower et al. (2003). Finding positive meaning and its association with natural killer cell cytotoxicity among participants in a bereavement-related disclosure intervention. Ann Beh Med, 25(2), 146–155.

Wiesmann & Hannich. (2011). Salutogenic perspectives on health maintenance: The role of resistance resources and meaningfulness. GeroPsych (Bern), 24(3), 127–135.

Dezutter et al. (2013). Meaning in life: An important factor for the psychological well-being of chronically ill patients? Rehab Psychol, 58(4), 334–341.



Rosenbaum et al. (2014). Physical activity interventions for people with mental illness: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Clin Psychiatry, 75(9), 964–974.

Pedersen & Saltin (2015). Exercise as medicine – evidence for prescribing exercise as therapy in 26 different chronic diseases. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 25(3), 1–72.

Lautenschlager et al. (2008). Effect of physical activity on cognitive function in older adults at risk for Alzheimer disease: a randomized trial. JAMA, 300(9), 1027–1037.

Verghese et al. (2003). Leisure activities and the risk of dementia in the elderly. N Engl J Med, 348(25), 2508–2516.

Wilson et al. (2002). Participation in cognitively stimulating activities and risk of incident Alzheimer disease.  JAMA, 287(6), 742–748.

Silvia & Phillips. (2004). Self-awareness, self-evaluation, and creativity. Pers Soc Psychol Bull, 30(8), 1009-17.